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著名景區英文介紹:白宮
日期:2019-05-26 18:21    編輯:樂飛英語網    來源:未知
著名景區英文介紹:白宮 白宮(也稱白屋)是美國總統的官邸和辦公室。白宮由美國國家公園管理局擁有,是總統公園的一部分。著名景區英文介紹:白宮二十美元紙幣的背面圖片就是白宮。 白宮是一幢白色的新古典風格砂巖建筑物,位于華盛頓哥倫比亞特區西北賓夕法

  

 

  著名景區英文介紹:白宮

  白宮(也稱白屋)是美國總統的官邸和辦公室。白宮由美國國家公園管理局擁有,是“總統公園“的一部分。著名景區英文介紹:白宮二十美元紙幣的背面圖片就是白宮。

白宮是一幢白色的新古典風格砂巖建筑物,位于華盛頓哥倫比亞特區西北賓夕法尼亞大道1600號。因為白宮是美國總統的居住和辦公的地點,“白宮“一詞常代指美國政府,譬如:“白宮宣布,英國首相訪問白宮“。

  The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States, located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams in 1800.

The house was designed by Irish-born James Hoban and built between 1792 and 1800 of white-painted Aquia Creek sandstone in the Neoclassical style. When Thomas Jefferson moved into the house in 1801, he (with architect Benjamin Henry Latrobe) expanded the building outward, creating two colonnades that were meant to conceal stables and storage.However, in 1814, during the War of 1812, the mansion was set ablaze by the British Army in the Burning of Washington, destroying the interior and charring much of the exterior. Reconstruction began almost immediately, and President James Monroe moved into the partially reconstructed Executive Residence in October 1817. Construction continued with the addition of the South Portico in 1824 and the North in 1829.

Because of crowding within the executive mansion itself, President Theodore Roosevelt had all work offices relocated to the newly constructed West Wing in 1901. Eight years later, President William Howard Taft expanded the West Wing and created the first Oval Office which was eventually moved as the section was expanded. The third-floor attic was converted to living quarters in 1927 by augmenting the existing hip roof with long shed dormers. A newly constructed East Wing was used as a reception area for social events; Jeffersons colonnades connected the new wings. East Wing alterations were completed in 1946, creating additional office space. By 1948, the houses load-bearing exterior walls and internal wood beams were found to be close to failure. Under Harry S. Truman, the interior rooms were completely dismantled and a new internal load-bearing steel frame constructed inside the walls. Once this work was completed, the interior rooms were rebuilt.

The modern-day White House Complex includes the Executive Residence, West Wing, East Wing, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building—the former State Department, which now houses offices for the Presidents staff and the Vice President—and Blair House, a guest residence. The Executive Residence is made up of six stories—the Ground Floor, State Floor, Second Floor, and Third Floor, as well as a two-story basement. The term White House is often used as a metonym for the Executive Office of the President of the United States and for the presidents administration and advisers in general, as in The White House has decided that..... The property is a National Heritage Site owned by the National Park Service and is part of the Presidents Park. In 2007, it was ranked second on the American Institute of Architects list of Americas Favorite Architecture.

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